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Some Basic Knowledge About Printing

Apr 08, 2019

Printing refers to the technical process of printing a pattern on a textile. According to the form of the fabric before printing, it can be divided into cloth printing, cut sheet printing and garment printing. Cloth printing refers to cutting the whole piece of cloth after printing the pattern; the piece printing is to cut the piece of clothing that has not been sewn after the garment is cut; the garment printing is the printing after the clothing is sewn. For T-shirt printing, mainly for cut and ready-to-wear printing. According to the materials and methods used in printing, it can be mainly divided into: water-slurry printing, glue printing, ink printing and hot stamping, thermal transfer printing, and more special tie dyeing, wax dyeing, etc. can also be attributed to printing technology. The scope.

1. Screen printing belongs to stencil printing, which is called four printing methods together with lithography, embossing and gravure printing. The stencil printing includes a stencil, a stencil, a spray, and a screen printing. The principle of stencil printing is: the printing plate (the aperture of the paper plate or other plate is made through the ink). At the time of printing, the ink is transferred to the substrate through the hole of the stencil through a certain pressure (paper, ceramics, etc.) ), forming an image or text. During printing, the ink is transferred to the substrate through the mesh of the graphic portion by the extrusion of the squeegee to form the same graphic as the original. The screen printing equipment is simple, easy to operate, simple in printing and plate making, low in cost, and strong in adaptability. Screen printing applications are widely used in common prints: color oil paintings, posters, business cards, binding covers, merchandise signs, and textiles.

Screen printing

The most common printing process, strong coloring, long-lasting washable, but special plate making, a small amount of printing will be more expensive, suitable for batch printing.

Sublimation heat transfer

Heat transfer has a wide range of applications and is easy to apply. It has replaced other accessories in many fields. Features: Printable gradient patterns. Free thermal transfer heat transfer was first spread in the United States and Western Europe, and it has gradually warmed up in the country in the past two years. The early thermal transfer heat transfer was not so much a thermal transfer heat transfer as it was a thermal transfer hot word, mainly some popular slogans and characters, and later gradually developed into vivid various patterns. With the development of the economy, the progress of society, new and new people are increasingly advertised personality, coupled with the development of computer technology, the development of related software, these are undoubtedly added to the free thermal transfer printing industry. Today's thermal transfer heat transfer clothing has been popular in Europe and the United States, becoming a popular casual wear. Because of its simple printing process and easy operation, the required materials are economical and easy to obtain, and it can be widely used in various substrates, such as knitted T-shirts, denim, plush, toys, shoes, backpacks, nylons. Cap and so on. It can be transferred to the fabric by hot stamping with a thermal transfer tablet, which can be used in industry and is convenient for civilian use.

Second, digital printing

Digital printing is a printing made with digital technology. Digital printing technology is a high-tech product integrating mechanical and computer electronic information technology with the continuous development of computer technology. The emergence and continuous improvement of this technology has brought a new concept to the textile printing and dyeing industry. Its advanced production principles and means have brought an unprecedented development opportunity for textile printing and dyeing.

Digital printing development history origin

Digital printing works in much the same way as inkjet printers, and inkjet printing technology dates back to 1884. In 1960, inkjet printing technology entered a practical stage. In the 1990s, computer technology became popular. In 1995, a drop-on-demand inkjet digital jet printer appeared. The development of digital printing technology is showing a trend of rising and blooming. The process of digital printing is becoming more and more perfect. At present, there are various types of thermal transfer, direct injection and so on.

Digital printing features: no need to spend expensive plate making costs, just transfer your favorite pattern and heat transfer printing master, wait for the printing master to deal with the printing paper for transfer, the number of colors is unlimited, so that the pattern color is more Full and delicate.